Vallee On Crop Circles
From: Dave Haith
Date: Mon, 7 Oct 2002 10:25:34 +0100
Fwd Date: Mon, 07 Oct 2002 20:47:18 -0400
Subject: Vallee On Crop Circles
Hi Friends and Researchers
I have been sent the below article by the well-respected UFO and
paranormal researcher, Jacques Vallee.
He tells me it can be freely distributed. It has already been
posted on the NIDS website.
This may not be a popular theory for the formation of crop
circles and raises a thousand issues.
But it surely deserves discussion.
CROP CIRCLES: "SIGNS" FROM ABOVE OR HUMAN ARTIFACTS?
Some personal speculations on a fractal theme
The key to investigating anomalies often lies in asking the
right questions rather than pondering a long list of assumed
answers and fighting over hypotheses. The crop circles that have
adorned English fields in the last couple of decades are a good
example of this principle. Many well-intentioned "paranormal"
investigators and New Age enthusiasts have immediately posited
that the circles must be caused by Aliens, while the general
opinion of journalists and academics tended to state they were
the product of hoaxes. Indeed two retired men were featured in
the world media as the confessed authors of many circles. Over
the years several interested researchers - including this author
- have met with and interviewed self-described "artists" who had
generated some complex crop formations as a new type of display
where the landscape is used as a canvas to shock popular
consciousness and stimulate reaction. There is no question that
at least some of the formations - including some remarkably
complex ones - are their handiwork.
This leaves most of the formations unexplained, especially those
that have appeared in a very short time or under conditions of
very high mathematical accuracy. Drawing a bicycle or a spider
in a wheat field is one thing, the Mandelbrot set of fractal
geometry is quite another.
When sophisticated formations started appearing in the English
countryside several teams of UFO investigators (who came from a
background of soil and trace studies related to the familiar
imprints often left behind after sightings such as Delphos or
Trans-en-Provence) began to take notice. Rather than jumping to
conclusions about the origin and purpose of the formations they
drew up a list of fundamental questions that went like this:
Is there a change in the nature of the formations over time?
What is it, exactly, that happens to the vegetation inside the
Is there anything special about the location of the phenomenon?
To seek information on these topics they established a protocol
to gather vegetation samples and sent them to a number of
laboratories for microscopic studies. The results, which have
been discussed at meetings of the Society for Scientific
Exploration and other public events, have never seemed of
sufficient interest for the media (or, indeed, the ufological
mainstream) to take notice, perhaps because they conflicted with
the sensational nature of other hypotheses.
The answers are as follows:
The early formations were simple circles, then circles with
satellites. In later years more and more sophisticated and
precisely-drawn geometric figures appeared.
Vegetation is bent because the nodes are exploded. The stalks
are not broken and indeed the plants are often reported to start
growing again. All the significant formations were observed in
an area in close proximity to major research facilities of the
British defense establishment, often in controlled airspace.
So much for Aliens and Druids.
These studies point to the crop formations as the result of
sophisticated electronic warfare experiments conducted by
defense contractors. The answer to question (1) provides the
first clue: If you are trying to calibrate a beam, drawing a
pattern on a wheat field can yield precision information within
the diameter of one stalk over hundreds of feet, an ideal test
situation. The answer to question (2) narrows down the type of
energy that can be responsible, because the amount of heat
radiation that needs to be coupled into one node of a stalk of
wheat to vaporize the water content is a known quantity, as
laboratory tests in France and in the United States soon
established. The answer to question (3) points to the likely
authors of the tests.
It is tempting to jump to the conclusion that some sort of
space-based weapon is being developed. I am reluctant to assume
this because of the cost involved. Even if satellites represent
the ultimate platform for such a weapon, which does not seem
obvious to me, the calibration tests can be carried out far more
cheaply from a conventional aircraft. In those cases when
witnesses on the ground have seen formations in the process of
being created, they have described a reddish glow at ground
level, with the vegetation bent over in a matter of minutes.
This would be consistent with a beam directed at the field from
a hovering dirigible, painting a figure very much in the same
way as an electron beam "paints" a digital image on a computer
screen. From conversations I have had with the investigators
involved, the beam would be unlikely to be a simple infrared
beam. Instead a combination of laser and microwave transmitters
may be involved, or a form of maser. Perhaps the increasingly
sophisticated tests are designed, precisely, to discover optimal
This leaves several issues pending: Why don't witnesses see the
supposed hovering platforms if they simply fly over the
countryside? What about the "confessions" of the two retired men
who claimed they made the circles with a two-by-four and a piece
of string? And why do the experiments continue at a point where
the technology seems to have reached a high level of perfection?
I only have tentative answers to this new set of questions:
Many years ago I gave a lecture on UFO research at Oxford
University. One of the people attending, a physics faculty
member, told me of an interesting personal experience. His hobby
was to fly gliders over the English countryside. On one
occasion, on a bright afternoon, he was astonished to see his
plane reflected in a surface that appeared to be motionless in
the atmosphere. He actually flew around the object and
determined it was a perfectly reflecting cylinder. It is obvious
that such a device would have "low-observable" characteristics -
a visual stealth platform.
What is suspicious about the two older men's "confession" is
that it appeared simultaneously on the front pages of
international papers and on CNN the same day. Any published
author familiar with the difficulty of getting media attention
will know that it takes a very powerful public relations firm to
get a story to the front page of the Wall Street Journal and the
New York Times, Le Figaro and many other papers the same day.
Where did the two pensioners get the kind of clout that would
spin their claim around the planet? The result was
instantaneous: The press and, more importantly, most scientists
lost all interest in the story for 10 years.
Why do the tests continue? I admit I have no good answer to
this. It seems farfetched to assume that they have become more
sociological than technological in nature, yet this could
provide an explanation. Soon or later the truth will be known,
and it can be used to discredit the community of paranormal
researchers who have rushed to decipher alien scripts in the
formations, or have hypothesized a return of the Druids, earth
lights or messages from Gaia without first testing the basic
physics of the situation. It may also be that such hypotheses
have been coldly planted among the New Age milieu as part of a
psychological warfare experiment, and that the real nature of
the crop formations can thus be hidden from serious attention
for a very long time.
Why would one need to develop such a beam? Destruction of
incoming missiles (or simple confusion of their electronics)
would be an obvious purpose, but several projects are already
under way to produce such weapons, notably at Boeing and other
defense contractors. But we may be wrong in assuming that the
beam itself is a weapon; it might be used simply to guide a much
larger amount of energy (contained plasma, or the fireball
created by a nuclear explosion, for example) to its ultimate
destination. The type of threat that is present in today's world
includes targets that one may not want to blow up, but rather to
fuse inside a fireball. Such a target might be a biological
laboratory, or a chemical factory, where dispersion of a
pathogen is undesirable. Is that what the innocent designs in
English fields are really telling us to get ready for? If so,
their message may be far more ominous that any communication
from ETs, friendly or not.
Jacques F. Vallee